Life without electricity is hard to imagine, so does life without wires and cables. They are basic building blocks of the entire electrical system that we take for granted and hardly notice their remarkable contributions in our daily lives. We ignore them to such an extent that we blur the distinction between wires and cables and use these two words interchangeably.
However, there is a subtle difference between wires and cables that people ignore. One way to differentiate between wires and cables is to think of wires as part of cables.
Wires are a single strand or bundle of multiple strands of conductive material that are insulated to work as a unit. Compared to cables, wires have a greater area of application. They are ideally used to transfer electricity but they are also used for mechanical purposes.
A solid conductor wire offers low electrical resistance ideally used for high-frequency transmission. While stranded conductor wires are more flexible which makes them more durable.
Cables are compact forms of two or more wires sheathed with insulating materials to work as a unit. Compared to wires, cables have higher strength and can withstand high loads of electric current.
They have a wide range of applications in our daily lives in the form of CCTV Cables, Submersible Cables, LAN Cables, etc.
Wires are subsets of cables and when two or more electrical wires are sheathed as a unit to form a cable, it increases its utility value and electrical applications. Wires have a wider range of applications as compared to cables. Both wires and cables have distinct irreplaceable applications that greatly improve our lives.